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Lecithin -Mainly as emulsifier for the fat in the diet. Emulsifying enhances the digestion of fat. It is also a source of Choline, a B vitamin and a methyl donor in the body's synthesis of amino acids and proteins. It also contains natural antioxidants and is a source of phosphorous.

Phosphoric Acid - Dietary and metabolic acidifiers. By lowering the body's metabolic pH, mainly in cats, it lowers the risk of bladder stones. In cat foods, it also is a palatinate at low levels and by lowering the pH it acts as a preservative. Also a source of phosphorous.

Potassium Chloride - Source of Potassium. The higher the dietary protein the higher the requirement for Potassium (K). K helps maintain blood pressure, contract muscles and nerve transmissions.

DL Methionine - An essential amino acid. Also one of two acidifying amino acids, which also help reduce the risk of bladder stones. Animal proteins are higher in methionine than plants. It is also a methyl donor in in protein synthesis

L-Lysine - An essential amino acid. Like all amino acids, lysine must be considered in balancing a diet with other key amino acids such as arginine.

Taurine - An essential sulfur donor, amino acid-like, nutrient for cats, some breeds of dogs and ferrets.

Monosodium Phosphate - A sodium salt of phosphorous that is water soluble and easily digested by pets.

Kelp Meal - Organic source of iodine (I). I is an integral part of two thyroid hormones that help regulate growth and metabolic rate.

Niacin Supplement - Feed source of the B vitamin niacin. In some older literature, it is called B3. Niacin is a co-enzyme necessary in the catabolism or break down of proteins and fats and the building back of body proteins, fats and hormones. Aids in the formation of red blood cells.

Biotin - A B vitamin that is required by the body in energy metabolism to carry carbon dioxide out of the cell. Also needed in the catabolism of both fatty acids and amino acids. Liver, eggs and yeast is a good source.

Thiamine Mononitrate - A source of Vitamin B1 and co-enzyme (enzymes and co-enzymes are necessary in all body metabolic functions) required in carbohydrate, protein, and metabolism.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride - Vitamin B6 is a co-enzyme required in synthesis of amino acids, nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) synthesis and red blood cell building.

Vitamin A Acetate - Feed source of Vitamin A. Also found in liver, eggs and milk. Vit A is essential in maintaining vision and necessary for the retina to transform the light into brain nerve impulses. Also necessary in protecting the epithelial cells. Also in enhancing immunity by boosting the enhancing the function of white blood cells.

Riboflavin Supplement - Feed source of vit B2. Is a co-enzyme required in energy metabolism from carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Helps regulate certain other hormones. Required in growth and development.

D-Calcium Pantothenate - Feed source of pantothenic acid an essential B vit. As a co-enzyme, is essential in energy metabolism as the other B vit. It is also necessary in the body building of fat, cholesterol, bile, vit D, RBC's, hormones and nerve transmission.

Vitamin B12 Supplement - Feed source of B12, and essential in DNA synthesis. Also critical in the nervous system as it helps maintain the integrity of the myelin sheath around nerve fibers.

Citric Acid - Feed acidifier and stabilizer of fats in feeds. It is also a feed antioxidant byprotecting vitamins in the food.

Vitamin D3 Supplement - Feed source of vit D3. D3 is the metabolically active form of vit D in the body and is essential in the absorption of calcium and phosphorous from the intestines.

Folic Acid - is an essential B vit and as a co-enzyme, helps convert B12 to a co-enzyme to synthesize DNA in a rapidly growing cell.

Ferrous Sulfate - Feed source of Iron (Fe). Iron is essential in RBC's ability to carry oxygen in the body, works with proteins in the metabolism of energy and is involved in many body functions to build amino acids, hormones and neurotransmitters

Zinc Sulfate - Feed source of zinc (Zn). Zn is involved in hundreds of enzymes for the metabolic processes including growth, development, immune functions, bloods clotting, wound healing, sperm production and in activating Vitamin A

Zinc Proteinate - Feed source of chelated (protected) Zinc. Proteinated minerals, including Zn, are easier or more readily absorbed from the intestine. They are also absorbed in a different location within the intestine from the sulfate and oxide forms which can help maintain a metabolic supply even in an animal with intestinal inflammation.

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